Attached to a suction pump Up to 15 weeks' gestation, suction-aspiration or vacuum aspiration are the most common surgical methods of induced abortion. These techniques differ in the mechanism used to apply suction, in how early in pregnancy they can be used, and in whether cervical dilation is necessary.
The evidence statements underpinning the recommendations are listed in appendix C. For the research recommendations, see section 5. The evidence reviews, supporting evidence statements and economic modelling report are available.
Introduction The recommendations advocate providing information and advice on all types of contraception. The aim is to help young men and women choose the method that best suits their individual needs and lifestyle, so making it more likely that they will use contraception and use it effectively.
The information should comprise verbal advice and printed material giving details about the: Definitions For the purposes of this guidance young men and women refers to everyone aged under 25 who is competent to consent to contraceptive treatment under the best practice guidance set out by the Department of Health [ 1 ].
The recommendations are based on interventions and programmes proven to be effective with all young people aged under They emphasise the need for services that are universal and inclusive.
They also emphasise the need to offer additional tailored support to meet the particular needs and choices of those who are socially disadvantaged or who may find it difficult to use contraceptive services.
The latter might include those who are members of some faith and religious groups. The guidance is based on the principle of progressive universalism[ 2 ] Marmot For the purposes of this guidance 'socially disadvantaged young people' may include those who are: Contraceptive services refers to the whole range of contraceptive, sexual and reproductive health services.
Recommendation 1 Assessing local need and capacity to target services Whose health will benefit? All young women and men aged up to Who should take action? Health and wellbeing boards, local authority commissioners and other commissioners of young people's services.
Directors of public health and directors of children's services. Those responsible for joint strategic needs assessment, data collection and analysis in local authorities, children's services and their partners.
Managers of contraceptive services in primary and acute care, the voluntary and private sectors. Public health practitioners with a responsibility for contraception and sexual health.
Those responsible for young people's advisory services. What action should they take? Directors of public health, public health practitioners and public health surveillance systems should collect and analyse anonymised regional and local demographic data and information on local contraception and sexual health inequalities.
In conjunction with sexual health leads in the NHS and local authorities, they should disseminate the data to inform local strategic needs assessments, so that resources and services can be provided for those with the greatest need. Commissioners, with support from members of local public health networks, should use anonymised local health data and routinely collected surveillance data on, for example, conceptions, abortions, births and contraceptive prescribing, to identify local needs.
These data could be geographical or in relation to specific population groups. Health and wellbeing boards, including directors of public health, local public health leads and local authorities, should carry out and publish the results of comprehensive joint strategic needs assessments for young people's contraceptive services.
This should include details on socially disadvantaged young people. Map the current range of local services, service activity levels and capacity across all contraceptive service providers.
Take account of services further afield that may be used by local young people, for example, large pharmacies in nearby town centres.Abstract. Almost half of young children in the United States live in poverty or near poverty. The American Academy of Pediatrics is committed to reducing and ultimately eliminating child poverty in the United States.
When You're Expecting Twins, Triplets, or Quads outlines a practical, nutrition-based program to keep you and your babies healthy, and provides a comprehensive tour of what you can expect during your unique pregnancy and childbirth experience. Women who follow this program have significantly fewer complications during pregnancy--and their babies are born healthier, weighing 20 to 35 percent.
Hypertensive disorders* such as pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are among the main causes of maternal deaths and preterm births, especially in low-income countries. Preterm births are the leading cause of early neonatal deaths and infant mortality, and survivors are at higher risk of respiratory disease and long-term neurological morbidity.
Associated terms for pregnancy are gravid and pfmlures.comus and gravid come from the Latin for "heavy" and a pregnant female is sometimes referred to as a gravida. Gravidity is a term used to describe the number of times that a female has been pregnant.
Similarly, the term parity is used for the number of times that a female carries a pregnancy to a viable stage.
The prevalence of major nongynecologic surgery or serious trauma during pregnancy is 1 to 10 per pregnancies. Minor trauma or domestic violence occurs in 10% to .
The prevalence of major nongynecologic surgery or serious trauma during pregnancy is 1 to 10 per pregnancies. Minor trauma or domestic violence occurs in 10% to 30% of pregnancies.