However, it has been confirmed only in the early 20th century. For some 30 years after his death successive editions of his verse stamped his powerful influence upon English poets. During the Restoration his writing went out of fashion and remained so for several centuries.
Early life[ edit ] A portrait of Donne as a young man, c. Donne's father was a respected Roman Catholic who avoided unwelcome government attention out of fear of persecution.
John Syminges, a wealthy widower with three children, a few months after Donne's father died. Donne thus acquired a stepfather. Two more of his sisters, Mary and Katherine, died in Donne's mother lived her last years in the Deanery after Donne became Dean of St Paul's, and died just two months before Donne, in January After three years of studies there, Donne was admitted to the University of Cambridgewhere he studied for another three years.
It defined "Popish recusants" as those "convicted for not repairing to some Church, Chapel, or usual place of Common Prayer to hear Divine Service there, but forbearing the same contrary to the tenor of the laws and statutes heretofore made and provided in that behalf".
Donne's brother Henry was also a university student prior to his arrest in for harbouring a Catholic priest, William Harringtonwhom he betrayed under torture.
Marriage to Anne More[ edit ] During the next four years Donne fell in love with Egerton's niece Anne More, and they were secretly married just before Christmas  inagainst the wishes of both Egerton and George Morewho was Lieutenant of the Tower and Anne's father. Upon discovery, this wedding ruined Donne's career, getting him fired and put in Fleet Prisonalong with the Church of England priest Samuel Brookewho married them,  and the man who acted as a witness to the wedding.
Donne was released shortly thereafter when the marriage was proven valid, and he soon secured the release of the other two. Walton tells us that when Donne wrote to his wife to tell her about losing his post, he wrote after his name: John Donne, Anne Donne, Un-done.
It was not until that Donne was reconciled with his father-in-law and received his wife's dowry. Part of the house where Donne lived in Pyrford After his release, Donne had to accept a retired country life in a small house in PyrfordSurrey, owned by Anne's cousin, Sir Francis Wooleywhere they resided until the end of Though he also worked as an assistant pamphleteer to Thomas Morton writing anti-Catholic pamphlets, Donne was in a constant state of financial insecurity.
Three Francis, Nicholas, and Mary died before they were ten. In a state of despair that almost drove him to kill himself, Donne noted that the death of a child would mean one mouth fewer to feed, but he could not afford the burial expenses.
During this time, Donne wrote but did not publish Biathanatoshis defense of suicide. Career and later life[ edit ] In John Donne was elected as Member of Parliament MP for the constituency of Brackleybut membership was not a paid position.
The fashion for coterie poetry of the period gave Donne a means to seek patronage, and many of his poems were written for wealthy friends or patrons, especially MP Sir Robert Drury of Hawsted —whom he met in and became Donne's chief patron, furnishing him and his family an apartment in his large house in Drury Lane.
Donne sat as an MP again, for Tauntonin the Addled Parliament of but though he attracted five appointments within its business he made no recorded speech. Donne did not return to England until During his period as dean his daughter Lucy died, aged eighteen. In late November and early December he suffered a nearly fatal illness, thought to be either typhus or a combination of a cold followed by a period of fever.
During his convalescence he wrote a series of meditations and prayers on health, pain, and sickness that were published as a book in under the title of Devotions upon Emergent Occasions. One of these meditations, Meditation XVIIlater became well known for its phrases "No man is an Iland" often modernised as " No man is an island " and " Death[ edit ] Donne died on 31 March and was buried in old St Paul's Cathedralwhere a memorial statue of him by Nicholas Stone was erected with a Latin epigraph probably composed by himself.
The statue was claimed by Izaac Walton in his biography to have been modelled from the life by Donne in order to suggest his appearance at the resurrection; it was to start a vogue in such monuments during the course of the 17th century.
His satires dealt with common Elizabethan topics, such as corruption in the legal system, mediocre poets, and pompous courtiers. His images of sickness, vomit, manure, and plague reflected his strongly satiric view of a society populated by fools and knaves.
His third satire, however, deals with the problem of true religion, a matter of great importance to Donne. He argued that it was better to examine carefully one's religious convictions than blindly to follow any established tradition, for none would be saved at the Final Judgmentby claiming "A Harry, or a Martin taught [them] this.
To His Mistris Going to Bed " he poetically undressed his mistress and compared the act of fondling to the exploration of America. This poem treats Elizabeth's demise with extreme gloominess, using it as a symbol for the Fall of Man and the destruction of the universe.A friend, visiting my first New York apartment, noticed a collection of John Donne’s poetry on my bedside table.
She nodded knowingly. Donne, she said, was the . is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her. John Donne (/ d ʌ n / DUN; 22 January – 31 March ) was an English poet and cleric in the Church of England..
He is considered the pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical pfmlures.com works are noted for their strong, sensual style and include sonnets, love poems, religious poems, Latin translations, epigrams, elegies, songs, satires and sermons. Sir Thomas More educational material resource center for teachers and scholars.
Online library of More’s complete works, scholarship on Thomas More, and historical and biographical information, concordances, artwork, photos, images and lesson plans relating to the life of Thomas More.
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John Donne was an English poet, satirist, lawyer and priest. He is considered the pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical poets. His works are noted for their strong, sensual style and include sonnets, love poetry, religious poems, Latin translations, epigrams, elegies, songs, satires and sermons.