Develop strategies to deal with areas of difficulty and challenge encounted in professional practice

As far as I can tell, he has won nearly all his debates with atheists.

Develop strategies to deal with areas of difficulty and challenge encounted in professional practice

Data in columns 2, 3, 4, and 5 are from Digest of Education Statistics p. US Department of Education. Cultural diversity poses a pedagogical and social challenge to educators.

Teaching effectively in culturally diverse classrooms means using culturally sensitive strategies and content to ensure equitable opportunities for academic success, personal development, and individual fulfillment for all students.

Teachers need to be "knowledgeable about how minority children perceive the world, and process and organize information" Irvine, Furthermore, the effect of ethnicity on cognitive and motivational styles within an ethnic group persists across social-class segments Banks, Homogeneity of Teachers Although almost a third of all elementary and secondary school students are from minority populations Gay,the racial and ethnic composition of American teachers remains essentially nonminority.

Nationally, fewer than 15 percent of teachers and fewer than 12 percent of school administrators are members of ethnic minorities Gay, Similarly, only 3 percent of teachers are Hispanic, and 0.

Although a growing number of students live in poverty, "increasing numbers of teachers are middle class and reside in small- to medium-size suburban communities" Gay,p. The national preservice teacher population foreshadows little change in the future.

Demographics reveal that 92 percent of teacher education students are white, and over 80 percent are female. Moreover, this figure rises to 90 percent female in elementary education programs. Yet, because of the rapidly increasing minority population, most teachers will have students from culturally diverse backgrounds in their classrooms.

In short, teachers and students generally live in geographically and existentially different worlds Gay, The result is greater social, cultural, and academic distance.

Despite the growing cultural, racial, and ethnic diversity in American classrooms, teacher educators continue "training future educators in the pedagogy of decades past and pretending that their graduates will teach in schools with white, highly motivated, achievement-oriented, suburban, middle-class students from two parent families" Irvine,p.

Cultural brokers and cultural translators mediate between the majority and minority cultures. They help minority students understand, adapt, and thrive in the academic and majority culture. At the same time, the teacher as cultural broker helps the school understand, adapt to, and serve all students.

In other words, the teacher as cultural broker bridges the cultural chasm and smooths the cultural mismatch, thereby empowering students to succeed both academically and socially in the larger society.

Lamentably, most preservice teachers lack the knowledge, skills, and experience that build the requisite professional assurance for working with minority children.

Develop strategies to deal with areas of difficulty and challenge encounted in professional practice

This insecurity surely contributes to their aversion to teaching in culturally diverse schools and bars them from becoming cultural brokers and cultural translators. Thus the ultimate challenge for teacher educators is to prepare teachers who connect meaningfully with their students in an ethnically, culturally, and technologically complex world Gay, Teacher Preservice Needs What, then, do preservice teachers need to become effective multicultural teachers in our pluralistic society?

First, preservice teachers need to become reflective practitioners. Reflective teachers apply observational, empirical, and analytical skills to monitor, evaluate, and revise their own teaching practices Irvine, They develop awareness of their own cultural perspective, thus gaining insight into the cultural assumptions underlying their expectations, beliefs, and behavior.

Challenge: Choosing the Right Methodology

They also need to realize that their cultural perspective is not a universal norm, nor is it the only right one. In short, teacher candidates need metacognitive strategies to gain awareness, not only of their own knowledge and skills in the classroom but also of the efficacy of their activities on students' learning Cardelle-Elawar, Second, preservice teachers must gain cultural competence, that is, the ability to function comfortably in cross-cultural settings and to interact harmoniously with people from cultures that differ from their own.

These complex skills require knowledge and the cultural understanding that evolve over time from cross-cultural interpersonal experiences. Unfortunately, many education students have little or no exposure to people of other cultures. In a study of preservice teachers, Hadaway et al.

Frequently, gender, ethnicity, and class influence the tendency to hold parochial attitudes, especially when these are linked to limited travel and the inability to communicate in a non-English language Zimpher, Consequently, to be effective and equitable teachers, education students must understand and appreciate human diversity.

Appreciation and understanding evolve from direct interpersonal contact and from knowledge of the history and culture of diverse groups, including their values, stories, myths, inventions, music, and art. Third, our future teachers need to become effective cross-cultural communicators.

Effective cross-cultural communication skills help teachers create a classroom environment that encourages good interpersonal relationships.

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This important interpersonal skill requires an understanding of the interrelationship between language and cultural meaning. Cultural context and personal experience mediate meaning.Teaching Problem Solving. Print Version.

Tips and Techniques; To teach students problem solving skills, a teacher should be aware of principles and strategies of good problem solving in his or her discipline. Helping students identify their own problem solving errors is part of helping them develop effective problem solving skills.

William Lane Craig is a prolific Christian philosopher, apologist, author, and public debater. He is the best debater – on any topic – that I’ve ever heard.

As far as I can tell, he has won nearly all his debates with pfmlures.com debating him, atheists have consistently failed to put forward solid arguments, and consistently failed to point out the flaws in Craig’s arguments.

Learn some of the challenges HR professionals face and strategies to deal with it. Skip to content Phone. Certificates CERTIFICATE PROGRAMS. Director of Professional Services at Alexander Mann Solutions said that In addition, human resource management challenges must be defined and solutions determined in order to succeed.

Develop strategies to deal with areas of difficulty and challenge encounted in professional practice

William Lane Craig is a prolific Christian philosopher, apologist, author, and public debater. He is the best debater – on any topic – that I’ve ever heard.

As far as I can tell, he has won nearly all his debates with pfmlures.com debating him, atheists have consistently failed to put forward solid arguments, and consistently failed to point out the flaws in Craig’s arguments.

Professional development beyond initial preparation is critical for developing proficiency in teaching mathematics. However, such professional development requires the . Jun 30,  · Helping students succeed has been her passion while serving in many areas of student affairs and adjunct teaching.

Currently she is a dean of students at a large, public university. Dr.

Teaching Problem Solving | Center for Teaching | Vanderbilt University