An overview of the napoleon bonapartes actions and strategy

History The Tactics and Strategies of… To describe the intelligence and cleverness of Napoleon is a task not unlike the way he led his own armies, something to be broken down into sections and examined.

An overview of the napoleon bonapartes actions and strategy

It was more sophisticated and more dangerous than Strategy of the Central Position. Essentially it entailed a vast turning movement in the face of the enemy. One of two army corps would be detached to pin the attention of the enemy to his front.

It was this strategy which brought about the smashing victories of Ulm inJena inand Friedland in There was a great risk in this strategy. Only bold execution, swift movement, and aggressive use of the pinning forces and the cavalry could make it work.

This strategy necessitated bold leadership, careful timing, and aggressive movement, for it required the army to get BETWEEN the enemey concentrations, thereby preventing them from uniting. By movong swiftly into the central position, Napoleon could concentrate the bulk of his forces against the more threatening enemy contingent and seek a decisive battle, while a corps or two undertook to hold off the other enemy contingent as long as possible.

Things could go wrong, of course. The enemy could discern his intentions and withdrew, as occured in April in the war with Austria, or the pursuit after battle might be poorly handled for example after the Battle of Lignyallowing a defeated contingent to march to support of its comrades, both of which occured in According to Loraine Petre Napoleon often used the two strategies interchangeably.

History Programs I purposely exaggerate all the dangers and all the calamities that the circumstances make possible.
BBC - iWonder - Napoleon Bonaparte: The Little Corporal who built an Empire Cohen, Ph D J.
Napoleon Bonaparte - HISTORY His family had received French nobility status when France made Corsica a province in that year, and Napoleon was sent to France in to study at the Royal Military School in Brienne. InNapoleon spent a year studying at the Ecole Militaire in Paris, graduating as a Second Lieutenant of artillery.

Infor example, he used the indirect approach to place himself in the central position between the Austrian and Russian armies. In he did it again. In he took advantage of his central position in Germany to undertake a series of indirect approaches, though his victories at Lutzen and Bautzen were by no means as decisive as he had hoped.

To be truly decisive, a victory had to result not merely in the defeat of the enemy, but also in pusruing him a outrance to total destruction. This desirable goal was but rarely achieved operationally. In Italy in March and April of he managed to chase the Austrians almost all the way back to Vienna, and inin the 23 days following his victory at Jena, the French army totally overran Prussia against triffling resistance.

Napoleon - Wikipedia

A few weeks more and the French were knocking at the gates of Warsaw! Allied strategy in the long wars pales beside that of Napoleon. The bulk of his adversaries were able, but unspectacular.

Wellington of britain and Archduke Charles of Austria were the exceptions. His enemies grew wary. The more often he defeated them, the more they learned how to avoid these defeats. The Allies had confidence in the concentric advance, for Napoleon might win some battles, but he could not be everywhere at once, and they would surely win the last battle.

Napoleon had devised a strategy of the central position.

An overview of the napoleon bonapartes actions and strategy

It was designed to place the French army in such a position that it could defeat detachments of the enemy in turn. Napoleon could use a mere part of his force to tie down and occupy the attention of one enemy, then rapidly move his remaining forces to build up a local superiority against the other.

This brilliant strategy brought him fantastic victories against stronger enemies.


Even in "the Emperor came within a hairsbreadth of bringing off a major success by using this system. It was executed with unparalleled rapidity and exactness.

When Bavaria sided with France, the Austrians, 80, strong under General Mack, prematurely invaded while the Russians under Kutuzov were still marching through Poland.

Bavarian force, 21, men under General Deroi, barely escaped. It was executed with unparalleled rapidity and exactness and in no time Napoleon hadmen facing the Austrians. On October 7, the Austrian commander, General Mack, learned that Napoleon planned to march round his right flank so as to threathen his supply lines and cut him off from the Russian army under Kutuzov.

Napoleonic cavalry under Murat conducted reconnaissance, drew up detailed road surveys, and screened the advance of the army. The cavalry screen also made demonstrations across the Black Forest Mountains.Napoleon's strategy and tactics.

Jomini and Clausewitz on Napoleon. Napoleon was born in Ajaccio, Corsica on 15 August. He read voraciously – on military strategy and tactics – determined to succeed. the Bonapartes were no longer welcome in Corsica.

Napoleon's strategy and tactics. vegetation - will prove most helpful in understanding the reasons for many of the actions. Napoleon wanted quick, accurate mapping as the army advanced. Part of the staff was made responsible for the army's map supply, terrain studies and map making.

It was accompanied by a mobile printing shop and a small.

Napoleonic Wars - Wikipedia

Napoleon's battle strategy and tactics Napoleon and his army were the main people to winning all the wars they did for example the Battles of Abensberg on April and Lodi on May The long series of wars took place on a scale never before seen.

History. History Specialist | History Major | History Minor; Combined Degree Program (CDP) in Arts and Education: History (Major), Honours Bachelor of Arts/Master of Teaching; History Courses. Napoleon Bonaparte (), also known as Napoleon I, was a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century.

Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon.

Napoleon's Strategy and Tactics : Napoleonic Wars